Polymer allows you to create an API for your element, providing a way to configure it from markup or from JavaScript.

In this step, you'll:

Create a static properties getter function in icon-toggle.js. Inside the IconToggle class definition, after the template function, add the following code:

static get properties() {
  return {
    toggleIcon: {
      type: String
    }
  };
}

Before

class IconToggle extends PolymerElement {
  static get template() {
    ...
  }
  constructor() {
    ...
  }
}

After

class IconToggle extends PolymerElement {
  static get template() {
    ...
  }
  static get properties () {
    return {
      toggleIcon: {
        type: String
      }
    };
  }
  constructor() {
    ...
  }
}

关键信息:

  • Declare properties for your elements inside a properties getter function.

  • You must declare a property in order to use it in HTML.

  • A simple property declaration like this one just includes the type (in this case, String).

Learn more: deserializing attributes. The declared property type affects how Polymer converts, or deserializes the attribute value (always a string value) into a JavaScript property value. The default is String, so the declaration of toggleIcon is a formality here. To learn more, see attribute deserialization in the Polymer docs.

In icon-toggle.js, find the <iron-icon> element and change the value of its icon attribute from "polymer" to "[[toggleIcon]]".

Before

<!-- local DOM goes here -->
<iron-icon icon="polymer"></iron-icon>

After

<!-- local DOM goes here -->
<iron-icon icon="[[toggleIcon]]"></iron-icon>

Key information:

  • The icon="[[toggleIcon]]" assignment is a data binding. It links your <icon-toggle> element's toggleIcon property with the <iron-icon>'s icon property.

You can now use your element and set the toggleIcon property in markup or using JavaScript. We've set up an example for you in the demo. Ensure that the Polymer CLI development server is running, and refresh the browser window to see the changes.

If you're curious about where the new icons come from, take a look at demo-element.js in the demo folder. You'll see the following code:

demo/demo-element.js

<icon-toggle toggle-icon="star" pressed></icon-toggle>

If you'd like to experiment, try adding a new <icon-toggle> element to demo/demo-element.js. Some icon names you can try are add, menu, and settings.

Learn more: attribute and property names. You'll note that the markup above uses toggle-icon, not toggleIcon. Polymer represents camelCase property names using dash-case attribute names. To learn more, see Property name to attribute name mapping in the Polymer library docs.

In this section, you'll create a property (pressed) that notifies its host element when it changes, and is synchronized with a corresponding HTML attribute.

In icon-toggle.js, in the properties function, add the pressed property:

pressed: {
  type: Boolean,
  value: false,
  notify: true,
  reflectToAttribute: true
},

Before

class IconToggle extends PolymerElement {
  static get template() {
    ...
  }
  static get properties () {
    return {
      toggleIcon: {
        type: String
      }
    };
  }
  constructor() {
    ...
  }
}

After

class IconToggle extends PolymerElement {
  static get template() {
    ...
  }
  static get properties () {
    return {
      toggleIcon: {
        type: String
      },
      pressed: {
        type: Boolean,
        value: false,
        notify: true,
        reflectToAttribute: true
      }
    };
  }
  constructor() {
    ...
  }
}

Key information:

  • For this more complicated property, you supply a configuration object with several additional fields:

    • value specifies the property's default value.

    • notify tells Polymer to dispatch property change events when the property's value changes. This lets the change be observed by other nodes.

    • The reflectToAttribute property tells Polymer to update the corresponding attribute when the property changes. This lets you style the element using an attribute selector, like icon-toggle[pressed].

Learn more: notify and reflectToAttribute. The notify and reflectToAttribute properties may sound similar: they both make the element's state visible to the outside world. reflectToAttribute makes the state visible in the DOM tree, so that it's visible to CSS and the querySelector methods. notify makes state changes observable outside the element, either using JavaScript event handlers or Polymer two-way data binding.

现在您的元素已有 pressedtoggleIcon 属物在工作。

Reload the demo, and you should see star and heart icons:

Demo showing icon toggles with star and heart icons

Next, we'll make the icons react to being clicked. On to step 4!

上一步:添加本地 DOM 下一步:响应输入